55 Broadway: A Majestic Icon of Art Deco Architecture and London Underground’s Headquarters

London Underground Headquarters at 55 Broadway

55 Broadway, located in the heart of Westminster, stands as an iconic symbol of Art Deco architecture and a significant landmark in London’s history. Originally designed as the headquarters for London Underground, this magnificent building showcases remarkable design elements and has played a vital role in shaping the city’s transportation system. Let’s delve into the history, architectural features, and the notable significance of 55 Broadway.


Completed in 1929, 55 Broadway was designed by renowned architect Charles Holden in collaboration with Frank Pick, London Underground’s managing director. It served as the headquarters for the Underground Electric Railways Company of London, which later became the London Passenger Transport Board. The building’s construction aimed to reflect the modernity and progressiveness of the London Underground network while embracing the Art Deco style that was prominent during the interwar period.

Art Deco Features:

55 Broadway showcases a stunning blend of Art Deco and classical architectural elements. The exterior features intricate stone carvings, geometric patterns, and sleek vertical lines that create a sense of grandeur. The building’s façade is adorned with sculptural reliefs by renowned artist Eric Gill, depicting scenes related to transportation, industry, and London’s history. Inside, the lobby welcomes visitors with its impressive marble floors, elegant light fixtures, and a soaring central hall that exudes a sense of timeless elegance.

London Underground Headquarters:

Beyond its architectural splendour, 55 Broadway has been a significant hub for London Underground’s administrative operations. For many years, it served as the nerve center for managing the extensive underground rail network, coordinating train services, and overseeing the development of new stations and lines. The building housed various departments, including engineering, design, finance, and personnel. Its strategic location near St. James’s Park station offered convenient access for staff and facilitated efficient communication with other key locations across the city.

Legacy and Significance:

Beyond its practical function, 55 Broadway has become an emblem of London’s transportation heritage and an architectural gem cherished by enthusiasts. It holds Grade I listed status, recognizing its historical and architectural importance. Today, while London Underground’s administrative functions have moved to modern facilities, 55 Broadway remains a prominent landmark and houses a mix of offices, retail spaces, and cultural institutions.


As you explore the bustling streets of Westminster, make sure to gaze upon the splendour of 55 Broadway. This remarkable building, with its rich history, breathtaking Art Deco features, and integral role in London Underground’s story, stands as a testament to the city’s architectural legacy. From its iconic façade to the impressive interior spaces, 55 Broadway continues to captivate visitors and remind us of London’s enduring commitment to innovative design and efficient transportation.